## Thursday, June 22, 2017

### Abstract-Amplifiers of free-space terahertz radiation

Tsung-Yu Kao, John L. Reno, and Qing Hu

https://www.osapublishing.org/optica/abstract.cfm?uri=optica-4-7-713

Amplifiers of free-space radiation are quite useful, especially in spectral ranges where the radiation is weak and sensitive detectors are hard to come by. A preamplification of the said weak radiation signal will significantly boost the S/N ratio in remote sensing and imaging applications. This is especially true in the terahertz (THz) range where the radiation signal is often weak and sensitive detectors require the cooling of liquid helium. Although quantum cascade structures are promising for providing amplification in the terahertz band from 2 to 5 THz, a THz amplifier has been demonstrated in an integrated form, in which the source is in close proximity to the amplifier, which will not be suitable for the aforementioned applications. Here we demonstrate what we believe is a novel approach to achieve significant amplification of free-space THz radiation using an array of short-cavity, surface-emitting THz quantum cascade lasers operating marginally below the lasing threshold as a Fabry–Perot amplifier. This free-space “slow light” amplifier provides $7.5\text{\hspace{0.17em}\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{dB}\left(×5.6\right)$ overall gain at $\sim 3.1\text{\hspace{0.17em}\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{THz}$. The proposed devices are suitable for low-noise pre-amplifiers in heterodyne detection systems and for THz imaging systems. With the sub-wavelength pixel size of the array, the reflective amplifier can also be categorized as active metasurface, with the ability to amplify or absorb specific frequency components of the input THz signal.
© 2017 Optical Society of America