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Friday, February 24, 2017
Abstract-Ultimate terahertz field enhancement of single nanoslits
Young-Mi Bahk, Sanghoon Han, Jiyeah Rhie, Joohyun Park, Hyeongtag Jeon, Namkyoo Park, and Dai-Sik Kim
A single metallic slit is the simplest plasmonic structure for basic physical understanding of electromagnetic field confinement. By reducing the gap size, the field enhancement is expected to first go up and then go down when the gap width becomes subnanometer because of the quantum tunneling effects. A fundamental question is whether we reach the classical limit of field enhancement before entering the quantum regime, i.e., whether the quantum effects undercut the highest field enhancement classically possible. Here, by performing terahertz time domain spectroscopy on single slits of widths varying from 1.5 nm to 50 µm, we show that ultimate field enhancement determined by the wavelength of light and film thickness can be reached before we hit the quantum regime. Our paper paves way toward designing a quantum plasmonic system with maximum control yet without sacrificing the classical field enhancements.