Friday, December 16, 2016
Abstract-Large area fabrication of graphene nanoribbons by wetting transparency-assisted block copolymer lithography
Patterning graphene into nanoribbons (graphene nanoribbons, GNR) allows for tunability in the emerging fields of plasmonic devices in the mid-infrared and terahertz regime. However, the fabrication processes of GNR arrays for plasmonic devices often include a low-throughput electron beam lithography step that cannot be easily scaled to large areas. In this study, we developed a GNR fabrication method using block copolymer (BCP) lithography that takes advantage of the wetting transparency of graphene. One major advantage of this method is that the self-assembled domains of the polystyrene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) BCP are oriented perpendicularly directly on top of the graphene where they can later serve as an etch mask. Large area (cm2 scale, 3 μm × 3 μm defect-free area) 13–51 nm wide GNR arrays were successfully fabricated using this scalable protocol. This wetting transparency-assisted GNR fabrication method could be useful for high-throughput production of various plasmonic devices, including biosensors, and photodetectors.