Sunday, October 20, 2019

Abstract-The progress and perspectives of terahertz technology for diagnosis of neoplasms: A review

Kirill I Zaytsev, Irina N. Dolganova, Nikita V Chernomyrdin, Gleb M. Katyba,  Arseniy A. Gavdush,  Olga P. Cherkasova, Gennady Komandin, Marina A. Shchedrina, Anatoly N. Khodan, Dmitry S, Ponomarev,

Over the past decades, significant attention has been paid to biomedical applications of terahertz (THz) technology. Nowadays, THz spectroscopy and imaging allow for solving numerous demanding problems in biological, medical, food, plant and pharmaceutical sciences. Among all biomedical applications, a label-free diagnosis of malignant and benign neoplasms represents one of the most attractive branches of THz technology. Despite the attractiveness, the methods of THz diagnosis are still far from medical practice. In this review, we consider the modern research results in THz diagnosis of malignant and benign neoplasms, along with the topical research and engineering problems, which restrain the THz technology translation to clinics. We start from analysis of the common models of THz-wave { tissue interactions and the eects of tissue exposure to THz waves. Then, we discuss existing modalities of THz spectroscopic and imaging systems, which either have been already applied in medical imaging, or hold strong potential. We summarize the earlier-reported and the original results of THz measurements of neoplasms with different nosology and localization. We pay attention to the origin of contrast between healthy and pathological tissues in the THz spectra and images and discuss the prospective of THz technology in non-invasive, minimally-invasive and intraoperative diagnosis, as well as in aiding histology. Finally, we review the challenging problems of THz diagnosis, as well as attempts to solve them, which should bring the THz technology much closer to the medical practice. This review allows one to objectively uncover benets and weaknesses of the THz technology in diagnosis of malignant and benign neoplasms.

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