Saturday, January 12, 2019

Abstract-Sparsity-based continuous wave terahertz lens-free on-chip holography with sub-wavelength resolution

Zeyu Li, Qiang Yan, Yu Qin, Weipeng Kong, Guangbin Li, Mingrui Zou, Du Wang, Zhisheng You, and Xun Zhou

Fig. 1 Schematic layout (a) and real picture (b) of the experiment setup. PM1 and PM2 are gold-coated confocal off-axis parabolic mirrors with the focal length of 50.8 mm and 101.6 mm, respectively. An output THz laser beam of ~10 mm in diameter is expanded and collimated to ~20 mm so that the detector array can be completely covered by THz wave. The wave scattered by the sample forms the object wave while the unscattered part of the illumination forms the reference wave. The resulting interference pattern is called an in-line hologram.

We demonstrate terahertz (THz) lens-free in-line holography on a chip in order to achieve 40 μm spatial resolution corresponding to ~0.7λ with a numerical aperture of ~0.87. We believe that this is the first time that sub-wavelength resolution in THz holography and the 40 μm resolution were both far better than what was already reported. The setup is based on a self-developed high-power continuous wave THz laser at 5.24 THz (λ = 57.25 μm) and a high-resolution microbolometer detector array (640 × 512 pixels) with a pitch of 17 μm. This on-chip in-line holography, however, suffers from the twin-image artifacts which obfuscate the reconstruction. To address this problem, we propose an iterative optimization framework, where the conventional object constraint and the L1 sparsity constraint can be combined to efficiently reconstruct the complex amplitude distribution of the sample. Note that the proposed framework and the sparsity-based algorithm can be applied to holography in other wavebands without limitation of wavelength. We demonstrate the success of this sparsity-based on-chip holography by imaging biological samples (i.e., a dragonfly wing and a bauhinia leaf).
© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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