Kensuke Teramoto, Shigeki Tokita, Tokinori Terao, Shunsuke Inoue, Ryo Yasuhara, Takeshi Nagashima, Sadaoki Kojima, Junji Kawanaka, Kazuaki Mori ,Masaki Hashida, Shuji Sakabe,
|Schematic of the experimental setup for electro-optical measurement of a THz surface wave. The observation point is located 100 mm from the laser focal point at radial distance r (mm) from the wire center.|
Irradiating a metal wire with an intense femtosecond laser pulse induces a terahertz (THz) surface wave that travels along the wire. Here, the characteristics of the THz surface wave generated by the laser–wire interaction are investigated in detail by using an electro-optical method to determine the dependence of surface wave properties on laser energy and wire diameter. The surface wave is distributed by the Hankel function in the wire radial direction. On the wire surface, the electric field is estimated to be MV/cm. The peak electric field of the surface wave and the conversion efficiency from laser energy to surface wave energy are found to be proportional to the laser energy raised to the power of 0.67 and 0.3, respectively.