Sunday, May 13, 2018

Abstract-N\'{e}el spin orbit torque driven antiferromagnetic resonance in Mn 2 Au probed by time-domain THz spectroscopy

N. Bhattacharjee, A. A. Sapozhnik, S. Yu. Bodnar, V. Yu. Grigorev, S. Y. Agustsson, J. Cao, D. Dominko, M. Obergfell, O. Gomonay, J. Sinova, M. Kläui, H. -J. Elmers, M. Jourdan, and J. Demsar

We observe the excitation of collective modes in the THz range driven by the recently discovered N\'{e}el spin-orbit torques (NSOT) in the metallic antiferromagnet Mn2Au. Temperature dependent THz spectroscopy reveals a strong absorption mode centered near 1 THz, which upon heating from 4 K to 450 K softens and looses intensity. Comparison with the estimated eigenmode frequencies implies that the observed mode is an in-plane antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR). The AFMR absorption strength exceeds those found in antiferromagnetic insulators, driven by the magnetic field of the THz radiation, by three orders of magnitude. Based on this and the agreement with our theory modelling, we infer that the driving mechanism for the observed mode is the current induced NSOT. Here the electric field component of the THz pulse drives an AC current in the metal, which subsequently drives the AFMR. This electric manipulation of the N\'{e}el order parameter at high frequencies makes Mn2Au a prime candidate for AFM ultrafast memory applications.

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