Sunday, May 27, 2018

Abstract-Broadband Terahertz Light–Matter Interaction Enhancement for Precise Spectroscopy of Thin Films and Micro-Samples

Romain Peretti. Flavie Braud, Emilien Peytavit, Emmanuel Dubois,  Jean-François Lampin,

In biology, molecules and macromolecules such as sugars, proteins, DNA, RNA, etc., are of utmost importance. Detecting their presence as well as getting information on their actual structure is still a challenge in many cases. The vibrational states of such molecules correspond to a spectral range extending from infrared to terahertz. Spectroscopy is used for the detection and the identification of such compounds and their structure. Terahertz spectroscopy of a biosample is challenging for two main reasons: the high terahertz absorption by water molecules in the sample; and the small size of the sample—its volume is usually smaller than the cube of the terahertz wavelength, thus the light–matter interaction is extremely reduced. In this paper, we present the design, fabrication, characterization, and first typical use of a biophotonic device that aims to increase the light–matter interaction to enable terahertz spectroscopy of very small samples over a broad band (0.2–2 THz). Finally, we demonstrate the validity of our approach by time-domain spectroscopy of samples of a few µL.

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