Friday, April 27, 2018

Abstract-Towards sensitive terahertz detection via thermoelectric manipulation using graphene transistors

Changlong Liu, Lei Du, Weiwei Tang, Dacheng Wei, Jinhua Li, Lin Wang, Gang Chen, Xiaoshuang Chen,  Wei Lu

Graphene has been highly sought after as a potential candidate for hot-electron terahertz (THz) detection benefiting from its strong photon absorption, fast carrier relaxation, and weak electron-phonon coupling. Nevertheless, to date, graphene-based thermoelectric THz photodetection is hindered by low responsivity owing to relatively low photoelectric efficiency. In this work, we provide a straightforward strategy for enhanced THz detection based on antenna-coupled CVD graphene transistors with the introduction of symmetric paired fingers. This design enables switchable photodetection modes by controlling the interaction between the THz field and free hot carriers in the graphene-channel through different contacting configurations. Hence a novel “bias-field effect” can be activated, which leads to a drastic enhancement in THz detection ability with maximum responsivity of up to 280 V/W at 0.12 THz relative to the antenna area and a Johnson-noise limited minimum noise-equivalent power (NEP) of 100 pW/Hz0.5at room temperature. The mechanism responsible for the enhancement in the photoelectric gain is attributed to thermophotovoltaic instead of plasma self-mixing effects. Our results offer a promising alternative route toward scalable, wafer-level production of high-performance graphene detectors.

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