Sunday, April 29, 2018

Abstract-Comment on the Veracity of the ITU-R Recommendation for Atmospheric Attenuation at Terahertz Frequencies

 John F. O’Hara,  Daniel R. Grischkowsky,

The Radiocommunication Sector of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU-R) produces numerous global standards on the use and management of radiocommunication systems. Among these is Recommendation ITU-R P.676-11 (09/2016), which provides methods to estimate the attenuation by atmospheric gases for electromagnetic waves in the 1–1000 GHz frequency range. In this letter, we comment on the veracity of that recommendation in the 450–1000 GHz range. In particular, we compare ITU water vapor absorption estimates to the same data available from other sources: HITRAN and previously reported experimental measurements. We find that ITU estimates increasingly disagree with both sources as frequency and water vapor density increase, demanding a closer inspection as to the cause. This discrepancy is attributed to the method of inclusion of the summed contribution of resonance wings from absorption lines located in the 
THz range, and the method to account for continuum absorption.

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