Thursday, June 15, 2017

Abstract-Efficient Detection of 3 THz Radiation from Quantum Cascade Laser Using Silicon CMOS Detectors

Kęstutis Ikamas, Alvydas Lisauskas, Sebastian Boppel, Qing Hu, Hartmut G. Roskos

In this paper, we report on efficient detection of the radiation emitted by a THz quantum cascade laser (QCL) using an antenna-coupled field effect transistor (TeraFET). In the limiting case when all radiated power would be collected, the investigated TeraFET can show up to 230 V/W responsivity with the noise equivalent power being as low as 85 pW/Hz at 3.1 THz, which is several times lower than that of the typical Golay cell. A combination of the QCL and a set of off-axis parabolic mirrors with 3-inch and 2-inch focal lengths was used to measure the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the TeraFET. The practically achieved SNR was five times lower than that of the Golay cell and two orders of magnitude lower than a bolometer’s. However, TeraFETs are much faster and do not need a signal modulation, thus can be used both in a continuous mode for power monitoring or for investigation of transient processes on a sub-microsecond time scale.

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