Sunday, May 28, 2017

Abstract-Active modulation of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz hybrid metal-graphene metamaterials

Metamaterial analogues of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) have been intensively studied and widely employed for slow light and enhanced nonlinear effects. In particular, the active modulation of the EIT analogue and well-controlled group delay in metamaterials have shown great prospects in optical communication networks. Previous studies have focused on the optical control of the EIT analogue by integrating the photoactive materials into the unit cell, however, the response time is limited by the recovery time of the excited carriers in these bulk materials. Graphene has recently emerged as an exceptional optoelectronic material. It shows an ultrafast relaxation time on the order of picosecond and its conductivity can be tuned via manipulating the Fermi energy. Here we integrate a monolayer graphene into metal-based terahertz (THz) metamaterials, and realize a complete modulation in the resonance strength of the EIT analogue at the accessible Fermi energy. The physical mechanism lies in the active tuning the damping rate of the dark mode resonator through the recombination effect of the conductive graphene. Note that the monolayer morphology in our work is easier to fabricate and manipulate than isolated fashion. This work presents a novel modulation strategy of the EIT analogue in the hybrid metamaterials, and pave the way towards designing very compact slow light devices to meet future demand of ultrafast optical signal processing.

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