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Sunday, March 19, 2017
Abstract-Quantum behavior of terahertz photoconductivity in silicon nanocrystals networks
V. Pushkarev, T. Ostatnický, H. Němec, T. Chlouba, F. Trojánek, P. Malý, M. Zacharias, S. Gutsch, D. Hiller, and P. Kužel
Quantum-size effects are essential for understanding the terahertz conductivity of semiconductor nanocrystals, particularly at low temperatures. We derived a quantum mechanical expression for the linear terahertz response of nanocrystals; its introduction into an appropriate effective medium model provides a comprehensive microscopic approach for the analysis of terahertz conductivity spectra as a function of frequency, temperature, and excitation fluence. We performed optical pump–terahertz probe experiments in multilayer Si quantum dot networks with various degrees of percolation at 300 and 20 K and with variable pump fluence (initial carrier density) over nearly three orders of magnitude. Our theoretical approach was successfully applied to quantitatively interpret all the measured data within a single model. A careful data analysis made it possible to assess the distribution of sizes of nanocrystals participating to the photoconduction. We show and justify that such conductivity-weighted distribution may differ from the size distribution obtained by standard analysis of transmission electron microscopy images.