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Monday, March 27, 2017
Abstract-Temperature Dependence of Magnetic Excitations: Terahertz Magnons above the Curie Temperature
H. J. Qin, Kh. Zakeri, A. Ernst, and J. Kirschner
Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 127203 – Published 24 March 2017
When an ordered spin system of a given dimensionality undergoes a second order phase transition, the dependence of the order parameter, i.e., magnetization on temperature, can be well described by thermal excitations of elementary collective spin excitations (magnons). However, the behavior of magnons themselves, as a function of temperature and across the transition temperature TC, is an unknown issue. Utilizing spin-polarized high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy, we monitor the high-energy (terahertz) magnons, excited in an ultrathin ferromagnet, as a function of temperature. We show that the magnons’ energy and lifetime decrease with temperature. The temperature-induced renormalization of the magnons’ energy and lifetime depends on the wave vector. We provide quantitative results on the temperature-induced damping and discuss the possible mechanism, e.g., multimagnon scattering. A careful investigation of physical quantities determining the magnons’ propagation indicates that terahertz magnons sustain their propagating character even at temperatures far above TC.