Sunday, January 29, 2017

Abstract-Static and Time-Resolved Terahertz Measurements of Photoconductivity in Solution-Deposited Ruthenium Dioxide Nanofilms

J. Phys. Chem. C, Just Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b12382
Publication Date (Web): January 25, 2017
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

Thin-film ruthenium dioxide (RuO2) is a promising alternative material as a conductive electrode in electronic applications because its rutile crystalline form is metallic and highly conductive. Herein, a solution-deposition multi-layer technique is employed to fabricate ca. 70 ± 20 nm thick films (nanoskins) and terahertz spectroscopy is used to determine their photoconductive properties. Upon calcining at temperatures ranging from 373 K to 773 K, nanoskins undergo a transformation from insulating (localized charge transport) behavior to metallic behavior. Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) indicates that nanoskins attain maximum static conductivity when calcined at 673 K (σ=1030 ± 330 S·cm-1). Picosecond time-resolved Terahertz spectroscopy (TRTS) using 400 nm and 800 nm excitation reveals a transition to metallic behavior when calcined at 523 K. For calcine temperatures less than 523 K, the conductivity increases following photoexcitation (ΔE < 0) while higher calcine temperatures yield films composed of crystalline, rutile RuO2 and the conductivity decreases (ΔE > 0) following photoexcitation.

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