A density-matrix formalism within the length gauge is developed for the purpose of calculating the nonlinear response of intrinsic bilayer graphene at terahertz frequencies. Employing a tight-binding model, we find that interplay between the interband and intraband dynamics leads to strong harmonic generation at moderate field amplitudes. Specfically, we find that at low temperature (10 K), the reflected field of undoped suspended bilayer graphene exhibits a third harmonic amplitude that is 30\% of the fundamental in the reflected field for an incident 1 THz single-cycle pulse with a field amplitude of 1.5 kV/cm. More interestingly, we find that as the central frequency of the incident radition is increased, the third harmonic amplitude also increases; reaching a maximum of 53\% for an incident frequency of 2 THz and amplitude of 2.5 kV/cm.
Tuesday, August 16, 2016
Abstract-Nonlinear Response of Bilayer Graphene at Terahertz Frequencies
(Submitted on 15 Aug 2016)