Saturday, July 16, 2016

Abstract-Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime

  1. Yuancheng Fan1,*
  2. Nian-Hai Shen2
  3. Fuli Zhang1
  4. Zeyong Wei3
  5. Hongqiang Li3,
  6. Qian Zhao4
  7. Quanhong Fu1
  8. Peng Zhang2,
  9. Thomas Koschny2 and
  10. Costas M. Soukoulis2,5
Version of Record online: 14 JUL 2016
DOI: 10.1002/adom.201600303

Goos–Hänchen (G–H) effect is of great interest in the manipulation of optical beams. However, it is still fairly challenging to attain efficient controls of the G–H shift for diverse applications. Here, a mechanism to realize tunable G–H shift in the terahertz regime with electrically controllable graphene is proposed. Taking monolayer graphene covered epsilon-near-zero metamaterial as a planar model system, it is found that the G–H shifts for the orthogonal s-polarized and p-polarized terahertz beams at oblique incidence are positive and negative, respectively. The G–H shift can be modified substantially by electrically controlling the Fermi energy of the monolayer graphene. Reversely, the Fermi energy dependent G–H effect can also be used as a strategy for measuring the doping level of graphene. In addition, the G–H shifts of the system are of strong frequency-dependence at oblique angles of incidence, therefore the proposed graphene hybrid system can potentially be used for the generation of terahertz “rainbow,” a flat analog of the dispersive prism in optics. The proposed scheme of hybrid system involving graphene for dynamic control of G–H shift will have potential applications in the manipulation of terahertz waves.

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