Thursday, March 24, 2016

Abstract-A New Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3–Silicon Hybrid Metamaterial Device in Terahertz Regime

Metamaterials, offering unprecedented functionalities to manipulate electromagnetic waves, have become a research hotspot in recent years. Through the incorporation of active media, the exotic electromagnetic behavior of metamaterials can be dramatically empowered by dynamic control. Many ferroelectric materials such as BaSrTiO3 (abbreviated as BST), exhibiting strong response to external electric field, hold great promise in both microwave and terahertz tunable devices. A new active Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3–silicon hybrid metamaterial device, namely, a SRR (square split-ring resonator)–BaSrTiO3 thin film-silicon three-layer structure is fabricated and intensively studied. The active Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 thin film hybrid metamaterial, with nanoscale thickness, delivers a transmission contrast up to ≈79% due to electrically enabled carrier transport between the ferroelectric thin film and silicon substrate. This work has significantly increased the low modulation rate of ferroelectric based devices in terahertz range, a major problem in this field remaining unresolved for many years. The proposed BST metamaterial is promising in developing high-performance real world photonic devices for terahertz technology.

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