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Wednesday, January 6, 2016
Abstract-Kapton-derived carbon as efficient terahertz absorbers
The focus of this study is the preparation of carbon-based materials that satisfy the requirements of developing quasi-optic controllable absorbers for terahertz technology. These materials have been obtained from a commercially available organic polymer, Kapton® HN polyimide, through a pyrolysis process conducted in an inert atmosphere at different temperatures. The pyrolysis of Kapton film up to 1200 °C left a black residue principally composed of graphitic-carbon with a yield of about 55%. The D.C. conductivity of materials measured at 295K increases with increasing pyrolysis temperature. The starting organic polymer is turned from an insulator to conductor material when heat-treated at over 700 °C. Moreover, in the frequency range 220-500 GHz, the pyrolyzed materials show distinct optical properties, which have variant degrees of terahertz absorption. Kapton® HN polyimide that is thermally converted into carbon-based materials may be used for the realization of calibrated terahertz absorbers, particularly for thermal transducers.