Monday, March 2, 2015

Abstract-Optical characterization of the principal hydrocarbon components in natural gas using terahertz spectroscopy

Energy Fuels, Just Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1021/ef5028235
Publication Date (Web): March 2, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
A rapid technique is necessary to detect the natural gas which is a more and more significant fuel resource in modern industry. Terahertz (THz) technique was employed in this research to detect the principal hydrocarbon components of natural gas including methane, ethane and propane. Two- and three-component mixtures were measured by THz setup, respectively. The amplitude ratio and time delay deviation of THz peaks between samples and reference were calculated. Phase projection pictures were obtained between the component concentrations and the amplitude ratio as well as time deviation. The phase figures evidently reflected the concentration dependent THz response and a greatly different distribution was located in the whole phase projection area. In addition, back propagation artificial neural networks method was utilized for the quantitative determination of components concentration and total pressure, and the correlation coefficient of prediction set was proved to be 0.9859. Therefore, THz technique can satisfy the increasing need of the rapid and efficient detection in natural gas industry.

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