Monday, February 23, 2015
Abstract-Hardness and density distributions of pharmaceutical tablets measured by terahertz pulsed imaging
May, Robert K. and Su, Ke and Han, Lianghao and Zhong, Shuncong and Elliott, James A. and Gladden, Lynn F. and Evans, Mike and Shen, Yaochun and Zeitler, J. Axel
We present terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) as a novel tool to quantify the hardness and surface density distribution of pharmaceutical tablets. Good agreement between the surface refractive index (SRI) measured by TPI and the crushing force measured from diametral compression tests was found using a set of tablets that were compacted at various compression forces. We also found a strong correlation between TPI results and tablet bulk density, and how these relate to tablet hardness. Numerical simulations of tablet surface density distribution by finite element analysis exhibit excellent agreement with the TPI measured SRI maps. These results show that TPI has an advantage over traditional diametral compression and is more suitable for nondestructive hardness and density distribution monitoring and control of pharmaceutical manufacturing processes.