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Friday, September 5, 2014
Abstract-Physical mechanisms of terahertz pulse emission from photoexcited surfaces of tellurium crystals
We report on terahertz (THz) emission from tellurium crystal surfaces excited by femtosecondoptical pulses. Measurements were performed on three differently cut Te samples and with different wavelength optical excitation pulses. THz pulse amplitude dependences on the azimuthal angle measured at various excitation wavelengths have evidenced that three different mechanisms are responsible for THz generation in tellurium: second order nonlinear optical rectification effect, dominating at lower excitation photon energies, as well as transverse and ordinary photo-Dember effects, which emerge at energies larger than 0.9 eV. The shapes of the azimuthal angle dependences were also explained by theoretical model.