Saturday, July 1, 2017

Abstract-Optically controlled terahertz modulator by liquid-exfoliated multilayer WS2 nanosheets


Dong-Sheng Yang, Tian Jiang, and Xiang-Ai Cheng

Lack of efficient routes to modulate the propagation properties of the terahertz (THz) wave is a major barrier for the further development of THz technology. In recent years, two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDCs) were applied to the design of effective THz modulator by forming heterostructure with Si. Here, we experimentally demonstrate an optical controlled THz modulator consisting of liquid-exfoliated WS2 nanosheets and a silicon substrate (WS2-Si). By innovatively depositing liquid-exfoliated WS2 nanosheets on the Si instead of growing by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, both of the size and the thickness of WS2 film is controlled. The WS2-Si sample presents a flat modulation depth from 0.2 THz to 1.6 THz. The modulation depth reaches 56.7% under a 50 mW pumping power, which is over 5 times enhanced compared with that of the Si substrate. With the increase of illumination power, the modulation depth continues to increase, finally reaching up to 94.8% under 470 mW. Besides, the WS2-Si sample also achieves ~80% modulation depth under 450 nm illumination, indicating its ability to operate under either of wavelength in visible spectra. Moreover, we compare the sample to the reported modulators including CVD growth TMDCs-Si ones and find our sample has comparable modulation effects while is much easy to be prepared. Therefore, we believe our work is meaningful to provide an alternative route to achieve effective modulation of THz waves by adopting liquid-exfoliated 2D materials.

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