Dynamic magnetic properties of magnetoelectric TmAl3(BO3)4 borate have been investigated by terahertz spectroscopy. Crystal field (CF) transitions within the ground multiplet 3H6 of Tm3+ ions are observed and they are identified as magnetic-dipole transitions from the ground singlet A1 to the next excited doublet E of Tm3+ ions. Unexpected fine structure of the transitions is detected at low temperatures. The new modes are assigned to local distortions of the sites with D3 symmetry by Bi3+ impurities, which resulted in the splitting of A1 -> E transition. Two types of locally distorted sites are identified and investigated. The main contribution to the static magnetic susceptibility is shown to be determined by the matrix elements of the observed magnetic transitions. We demonstrate that even in case of local distortions the symmetry of the undistorted crystal is recovered for magnetic and for quadratic magnetoelectric susceptibilities.
Wednesday, April 12, 2017
Abstract-Terahertz spectroscopy of crystal-field transitions in magnetoelectric TmAl3(BO3)4
(Submitted on 7 Apr 2017)