Ian A.D. Williamson
Graphene exhibits many unusual elastic properties, making it an intriguing material for mechanical measurement and actuation at the quantum limit. We theoretically examine the viability of graphene for cavity optomechanics from near-infrared to terahertz wavelengths, fully taking into account its large optical absorption and dispersion. A large optomechanical coupling coefficient, on the same order of that observed in state-of-the-art optomechanical materials, can be realized in the mid-infrared spectrum with highly doped graphene, a high optical quality factor, and optimal positioning of graphene. Around 100 THz, the dispersive coupling coefficient reaches 180 MHz/nm and 500 MHz/nm in the resolved and unresolved sideband regimes, respectively. We find that predominantly dispersive coupling requires a high graphene Fermi level and mid-infrared excitation, while predominantly dissipative coupling favors a moderate graphene Fermi level and near-infrared excitation.