Monday, August 3, 2015
Abstract-Theoretical investigation of semiconductor supported tunable terahertz dielectric loaded surface plasmons waveguides
The tunable propagation properties of semiconductor-based dielectric loaded surface plasmons (DLSPs) structures have been theoretically investigated in the THz regime, including the effects of temperature, operation frequency, and the thermo-optic effect of dielectric stripe materials. The results show that the waveguide properties of DLSPs structure can be modulated in a wide range via changing the temperature. For instance, when the temperature is changed in the range of 300–600 K, the modulation depth of propagation length can reach more than 80%. With the increase of refractive index of the dielectric stripe, the modulation depth of the effective indices and propagation lengths increase. In addition, the propagation length and figure of the merit can be improved obviously with the hybrid dielectric stripe structure (by coating Si on the SiO2 layer). The results are very helpful to design novel waveguide devices, such as modulators, switchers, sensors and polarizers.