Friday, March 20, 2015
Abstract-Terahertz nonlinear conduction and absorption saturation in silicon waveguides
Shanshan Li, Gagan Kumar, Thomas E. Murphy
We employ a silicon dielectric waveguide to confine and concentrate terahertz pulses, and observe that the absorption saturates under strong terahertz fields. By comparing the response between lightly-doped and intrinsic silicon waveguides, we confirm the role of hot carriers in this saturable absorption. We introduce a nonlinear dynamical model of Drude conductivity that, when incorporated into a wave propagation equation, accurately reproduces the observations and elucidates the physical mechanisms underlying this nonlinear effect. The results are numerically confirmed by Monte Carlo simulations of the Boltzmann transport equation, coupled with split-step nonlinear wave propagation.