Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Abstract-Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices

J. Phys. Chem. C, Just Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b00465
Publication Date (Web): March 9, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

Poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly (4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS) is a conducting polymer and is a promising material for use in optoelectronic devices. Adding dopants to PEDOT/PSS significantly affects its optoelectronic properties: in this paper we use terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) to probe the effects of dopants dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and ethylene glycol. The carrier density, mobility and conductivity are calculated from the THz measurements by fitting the dielectric permittivity to the Drude-Smith model. This gives us an insight into the conductivity enhancement mechanisms and we find evidence to suggest that both carrier delocalization and charge screening play a role, although the relative importance of these two mechanisms depends upon both dopant polarity and concentration. To demonstrate an application of this finding, we design and fabricate broadband terahertz neutral density filters based upon 6% DMSO doped PEDOT/PSS thin films of varying thickness, and demonstrate optical densities between 0.14 and 0.53 from 0.5-2.2 THz with a comparable frequency variation to commercially available optical frequency ND filters.

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