Thursday, July 14, 2016

Abstract-Performance of a Chirality-affected Channel exhibiting Giant Optical Activity for Terahertz Communications

Anna Maria Vegni, Valeria Loscrí

Abstract : Terahertz frequency band is an emerging research area related to nano-scale communications. In this frequency range, specific features can provide the possibility to overcome the issues related to the spectrum scarcity and capacity limitation. Apart high molecular absorption, and very high reflection loss that represent main phenomena in THz band, we can derive the characteristics of the channel affected by chirality effects occurring in the propagation medium, specifically , in the case where a Giant Optical Activity is present. This effect is typical of the so-called chiral-metamaterials in (4–10) THz band, and is of stimulating interest particularly for millimeter wireless communications. In this paper, we analyze the behavior of specific parameters of a chiral-metamaterial, like the relative electrical permit-tivity, magnetic permeability and chirality coefficients, and from that we derive the channel behavior both for Line-of-Sight and No Line-of-Sight propagations. We notice the presence of spectral windows, due to peaks of resonance of chiral parameter. Finally, performances of the chirality-affected channel have been assessed in terms of (i) channel capacity, (ii) propagation delay, and (iii) coherence band-width, for different distances.

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