Monday, February 29, 2016

Abstract-Dendrimer Dipole Excitation: A New Mechanism for Terahertz Generation

Anis Rahman A1*, Aunik Rahman1 and Donald A Tomalia2
1Applied Research and Photonics, 470 Friendship Road, Suite 10, Harrisburg, PA 17111, USA
2Nano Synthons LLC, 1200 N, Fancher Avenue, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48858, USA

An electro-optic dendrimer (EO dendrimer) material has been designed for high power terahertz generation. An ordinary poly (amidoamine organosilicon) (PAMAMOS) dendrimer was modified via doping and poling to generate a high electro-optic coefficient nanomaterial. Measured EO coefficient varied from ~130 pm/V at 633 nm to ~90 pm/V at 1553 nm. An emitter designed from this EO dendrimer generates milliwatts of continuous wave (CW) terahertz radiation (T-ray) when pumped by a CW laser of suitable wavelength. The mechanism termed as the dendrimer dipole excitation (DDE) works via excitation of the dipole population generated by the doping process. The doping protocol also generates a distribution of dipole moments, as opposed to fixed dipoles in the lattice of a crystalline material; thus, when excited by a suitable pump laser, these dipoles radiate a broadband frequency that range from 0.1 THz to ~ 30 THz. A terahertz time-domain spectrometer (TeraSpectra) was designed with this DDE terahertz source. As a test of the spectrometer functionality, a standard polyethylene calibration was conducted. It was found that TeraSpectra reproduces several known absorbance peaks of polyethylene. It also produces additional absorbance peaks not observed before. It is surmised that the ultra-high sensitivity of T-ray enables observation and discovery of additional absorbance peaks that are not visible via other spectroscopy such as visible, UV, FTIR or Raman.

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