A repository & source of cutting edge news about emerging terahertz technology, it's commercialization & innovations in scanners, quality control, process control, medical diagnostics, security, astronomy,communications, graphene, metamaterials, CMOS, compressive sensing,3d printing, and the Internet of Everything. NOTHING POSTED IS INVESTMENT ADVICE! REPOSTED COPYRIGHT IS FOR EDUCATIONAL USE. I am a private investor in THz.
Monday, December 7, 2015
Abstract-Terahertz radiation-induced sub-cycle field electron emission across a split-gap dipole antenna
We use intense terahertz pulses to excite the resonant mode (0.6 THz) of a micro-fabricated dipole antenna with a vacuum gap. The dipole antenna structure enhances the peak amplitude of the in-gap THz electric field by a factor of ∼170. Above an in-gap E-field threshold amplitude of ∼10 MV/cm−1, THz-induced field electron emission is observed as indicated by the field-induced electric current across the dipole antenna gap. Field emission occurs within a fraction of the driving THz period. Our analysis of the current (I) and incident electric field (E) is in agreement with a Millikan-Lauritsen analysis where log (I) exhibits a linear dependence on 1/E. Numerical estimates indicate that the electrons are accelerated to a value of approximately one tenth of the speed of light.